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Federal Crimes

Respected Birmingham Federal Criminal Defense Attorney Defending Clients Charged with Crimes the Northern District of Alabama

In Alabama, most criminal charges are brought in state court by state prosecutors. However, just like Alabama has the Alabama Code, the U.S. government has its own set of laws, which are outlined in the United States Code. While there is significant overlap between state and federal crimes, federal prosecutors will often step in and file charges in especially serious cases, as well as those involving crimes that were allegedly committed in multiple states or on federal government property.

If you’re facing criminal charges in the Northern District of Alabama, it is imperative that you secure the assistance of an experienced federal crimes defense lawyer at the Stoves Law Firm, P.C. Attorney Jason Stoves is a veteran Alabama criminal defense attorney who has been aggressively defending clients’ rights in state and federal court for more than 25 years. He understands the complex nature and high stakes of these cases and is prepared to do everything possible to ensure your interests are protected at every step of the way.

What Is the Difference Between State and Federal Criminal Charges?

The main difference between state and federal criminal charges lies in which laws you are accused of breaking and who is prosecuting the case. If you break a law that a state has set, like most thefts or assaults, you’re typically facing state criminal charges. These are handled in state courts, and local or state police are usually involved.

However, if you break a U.S. federal law, then you’re facing federal charges. Federal laws cover crimes like drug trafficking across state lines, white collar crimes, or offenses that happen on federal property. Federal agencies, such as the FBI or DEA, handle the investigations, and federal prosecutors (U.S. Attorneys) take the case to federal courts.

Also, the penalties can differ significantly. Federal penalties are often harsher, and the procedures and rules in federal court can be more complex compared to state courts.

What Are the Most Common Federal Crimes in Alabama?

Often, criminal charges can be filed in state or federal courts; for example, drug charges can technically be filed in either court because drug possession, distribution, and trafficking are against both Alabama and federal law. Generally, in these situations, federal prosecutors only intervene in the most serious cases. Based on our experience, the following are some of the most common federal crimes in Alabama:

Drug offenses: This encompasses the manufacture, distribution, or possession of controlled substances. Federal drug charges are typically brought in cases involving large quantities of drugs or trafficking across state lines.

Fraud and white-collar crimes: This broad category includes theft crimes, like mail fraud, wire fraud, bank fraud, and healthcare fraud. These offenses often involve deceptive practices intended to result in financial gain. While state prosecutors have the legal authority to bring white collar criminal charges, these cases often involve the use of phones, the internet, or the mail, meaning they also fall within the purview of federal prosecutors.

Child pornography and exploitation offenses: Federal charges related to the production, distribution, or possession of child pornography are severe, with law enforcement agencies placing a high priority on these cases. Again, child pornography offenses typically trigger federal prosecutors’ interest due to the seriousness of the allegations as well as the fact that they involve the use of the internet or trafficking children across state lines.

Have You Been Arrested and Charged with a Federal Crime?

Facing any criminal charge is a very real threat to your freedom; however, if you are arrested on federal charges, your situation is especially serious. However, this isn’t a journey you need to embark upon on your own. At the Stoves Law Firm, P.C., Attorney Jason Stoves has more than 25 years of hands-on experience creating compelling defenses and negotiating favorable plea agreements on behalf of clients charged in the Northern District of Alabama. To learn more, and to schedule a free consultation today, call the Stoves Law Firm, P.C. at (205) 823-7233, or you can connect with us through our secure online contact form.

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"Jason was very sweet and informative he made sure I kept up with my case and also help get me off a very serious charge and he is very affordable I would definitely recommend him to everyone."

Meosha B.

"The Stoves Law Firm worked hard to get the best results I was looking for. Providing excellent advice and direction throughout the entire process. I would highly recommend The Stoves Law Firm!"

Robbey S.

"Was looking for a good real estate closing attorney and found one here with the stoves firm . Quick and efficient. Looking forward to the next deal! Thanks Jay."

Bret C.

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